Seed germination is the first step towards growing a plant. It is a process by which an organism grows to a structure. There are two examples of germination: sprouting and seed germination. Germination is derived from the word germ, which has the power to grow into bigger and better things. There is a lot to know about seed germination. It may seem to be a simple process of planting a seed, watering and then getting a bigger plant out of it; but it is not as easy and simple as it sounds.
Importance of seed germination
First of all, we need to understand a few things related to the importance of seed germination. Seed germination holds a lot of importance when it comes to the healthy and proper growth of grass. Seed must go through inhibitions to activate root growth. A seed must get proper water, sunlight, and temperature in order to fulfill the nutritional requirements of the seed. Furthermore, you also have to look for the temperature requirements of a certain plant. For example, some seeds germinate when it is cold; like the plants in northern environments. In the same way, there are seeds that require higher temperatures to germinate properly.
How does germination work?
When the seed gets proper weather and temperature conditions along with the water and oxygen, it absorbs them through the seed coat. All the nutrients reach the seed coat and the tiny plant starts to pop out of the seed. All seeds need water, oxygen and favorable temperature to germinate properly. Seeds are just like an embryo. They are their own energy source. They have energy stored in them which is released and used when they get the right amount of water, right kind of soil, oxygen and ideal temperature.
A seed will not germinate until the coat has been damaged. When the coat is damaged, the water and other nutrients enter the seed and make it able to respire.
Grass seed germination
Grass seed germination is just like taking care of a baby. You have to be careful at every step and ensure the availability of all the essential nutritional and environmental factors. You get only one chance to germinate the grass seed in the right way, so it better be perfect. The quantity of water is the only controllable factor here, so you have to be very cautious about it.
- Lesser water will kill the sprout and there will be no germination at all.
- Too much water is also not healthy, and it may not give desirable results.
- You have to water the plants given the ideal quantity. A simple way is to keep it moist.
Grass seed germination can be a mess because usually the grass is planted in a larger area as compared to flower beds. Other than water the next big thing is the temperature. Too much sunlight can be harmful to the seed, as it may die due to dryness. In the same way, lesser sunlight can also be a problem. So, make sure that the area you are trying to cover has the ideal sunlight range.
The soil also has to be favorable for proper grass seed germination. However, there are only two things to look at; fertile and non-fertile. Only fertile soil will be able to support the grass seed germination.
Time required for grass seed germination
Grass seed germination takes around 5 to 30 days. It may take a little longer, depending on the temperature but it usually in between 30 days that you will see grass sprouting from the lawn. During this time period, you have to look after the moisture of the soil. Ideal moisture supports the germination process. even after the grass is visible, keep on watering it on regular basis. You do not have to over-water the lawn but as much as the top 2 inches of the soil must remain moist.
Things to avoid during grass seed germination
There are a few things that you have to avoid in order to ensure proper and even grass growth in your lawn. They are:
Over watering – do not water too much to form puddles in the area. This will not let the seed settle down in the soil which can disturb the seed distribution in the area. Moreover, it may make the seeds float from one part of the lawn to the other. This is one of the reasons why you see grassless patches in some gardens.
Under watering – this is the biggest mistake you will ever make. Water is very important for the grass seed to germinate and tend to grow.
Uneven watering – sprinklers usually are the cause behind uneven watering. They are not designed to cover the whole area which can become a cause of drying out the seeds and not being able to sprout at all.
Run-off on sloping ground – you may have to reduce the watering time and repeat the watering sessions. Watering time is referred to the duration for which you water the grass and watering sessions refers to the number of times you water the grass. Water the grass when you start to feel that the soil has gone dry.
Grass seed germination is a sensitive process. It requires time and attention just like a small baby. Proper nourishment and favorable environmental factors encourage a healthy germination and growth of grass. It is necessary to look after the whole process if you wish to have a greener and fresher grass.